The most important prehistoric vestiges in Montserrat have been found in the "Cova Gran" and the "Cova Freda". Pttery dating back to Early Neolitic times was found for the first time in Catalonia in these caves. This pottery was often decorated with.
The image of the Mother of God is found, accoding to legend, in a cave in the mountain.
First documented mention of Montserrat.
The four chapels in existence at the end of the 9th century, St. Mary's, St.Iscle's, St. Peter's and St. Matin's, were probably inhabited by hermits. Today onle one of these, that of St. Iscle, is left, in the monastery's garden.
Document testilying the foundation of the monastery of St. Cecilia at Montserrat.
Oliba, Abbot of Ripoll and Bishop of Vic, founded the Montserrat Monastery next to St. Mary's chapel, which was to soon become a Romanic style Sanctuary.
Late 12th Century
A new image of the Holy Mother of God was sculpted: it is one of the jewels of Catalan Romanic
Songs of Alfonso X, "The Wise"; the popularisation of the miracles of the Virgin; numerous pilgrims begin to arrive.
First accounts of the presence of a Boy's choir, the first in Europe.
Institution of the brotherhood of the Mother of God of Montserrat.
Montserrat starts to spread throughout Europe.
The monastery becomes an independent abbey.
The Gothic cloister is built.
A printing press is installed at Montserrat.
Bernat Boïl, a hermit from Montserrat, goes with Cristopher Columbus on voyage to America. One of the islands in the Antilles is named Montserrat. Initiation of spread of wordship of the Mother of God of Montserrat in the Americas.
Ignatius of Loyola makes a pilgrimage to Montserrat .
The present-day church is consecrated.
Many cultural activities are started al the monastery.
Centuries Importance of the music school al Montserrat.
Important foundings of dependencies in Bohemia and Austria
Montserrat is destroyed by Napoleon's army.
Land acts, due to which the monastery lose all of its property and only one monk remains.
Monks return to Montserrat.
Under the leadership of Abbot Muntades, the definitive reconstruction of Montserrat is undertaken.
Millenary celebrations at Montserrat.
Celebration of the Coronation of the Image and Proclamation of the Virgin of Montserrat as Patron Saint of Catalonian.
Inauguration of the new façade of the basilica.
I liturgical Congress at Montserrat.
Celebration of the 11th Centenary of the founding of the monastery.
Spanish Civil War. The monks have to leave the monastery; during the war 23 monks are killed. The autonomous government of Catalonia saves Montserrat, and frees it from looting and destruction.
Once the war is over, the monks return.
The first stone of the new façade of monastery is placed.
Celebration of the Enthronement of the image of the mother of God, marking the first movement of civic reconciliation in the country after the Civil war.
creation of the patronage of the mountain of Montserrat.
The main altar of the basilica, facing the liturgical assembly, is consecrated and the rectory and the monks' choir are remodeled.
II Liturgical Congress at Montserrat.
The new façade is completed.
The monastery, with 300 intellectuals locked inside calling for respect for humans rights by Franco dictatoship, is put under siege by the police for 2 days.
The new complex, with restaurants for the large number of pilgrims at the entrance to the shrine, is inaugurated.
Celebration of the 100th anniversary of the coronation of the Image and of the Proclamation of Montserrat as the Patron Saint of Catalonian.
The new museum of modern Catalan painting is inaugurated.
Pope John Paul II, with the Church of Catalonian, visitis Montserrat.
On August 18 a major forest fire devastates a large part of the mountain.
The Generalitat de Catalunya makes the mountain a natural Park.
The project to restore the basilica is undertaken.
III Liturgical Congress at Montserrat.
Restoration of the basilica is begun on setember 16.
Celebration of the IV Centenary of the consecration of the basilica.
Inauguració de la restauració exterior i interior, respectivament, de la basílica.
El 19 de març, inauguració de la restauració de la Santa Cova.
Celebració del 50è aniversari de les festes de l'Entronització de la Mare de Déu de Montserrat.
Inundacions, que varen causar greus desperfectes als edificis del recinte.